1 a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas) [syn: helium, atomic number 2]
2 the 5th letter of the Hebrew alphabet
Etymology 1From Hebrew
Etymology 2Transliteration of various Semitic letters, including sc=Phnx, sc=Hebr, and Syriac sc=Syrc.
- /heɪ:/, /he:/
- The name of sc=Phnx, the fifth letter of the Phoenician alphabet (
personal pronoun "he"
- Albanian: ai
- Ancient Greek: (autos)
- Arabic: (húwa)
- Egyptian Arabic: (húwwa)
- Belarusian: йон (jon)
- Bulgarian: той (toj)
- Catalan: ell
- Cherokee: ᏀᎢ (nahi)
- Cree: wiya i both male and female
- Croatian: on
- Czech: on (1)
- Danish: han
- Dutch: hij
- Esperanto: li
- Estonian: tema, ta i both male and female
- Ewe: eya i both male and female
- Fijian: koya i both male and female
- Finnish: hän i both male and female
- French: il (1,2)
- Georgian: ის (is) i both male and female
- German: er
- Greek: αυτός(avtós)
- Guaraní: ahẽ i both male and female
- Hausa: shíi i independent form
- Hawaiian: ia i both male and female
- Hebrew: הוא (hu)
- Hungarian: ő i both male and female
- Icelandic: hann
- Ido: il, ilu
- Indonesian: dia / ia i both male and female
- Interlingua: ille
- Irish: sé qualifier conjunctive, é qualifier disjunctive
- Italian: lui, egli
- Japanese: 彼 (かれ, káre)
- Korean: 그 (geu), 그이 (geu-i)
- Kurdish: ew (both male and female)
- Latin: is
- Lithuanian: jis
- Malayalam: അവന് (avan), അദ്ദേഹം (addeham)
- Maltese: hu
- Norwegian: han
- Novial: lo
- Ojibwe: wiin i both male and female
- Old English: he, se
- Persian: (u) i both male and female
- Polish: on
- Portuguese: ele
- Quechua: pay i both male and female
- Romanian: dumnealui (formal) el i informal
- Russian: он (on)
- Scottish Gaelic: e nonemphatic, esan emphatic
- Sicilian: iddu
- Slovak: on
- Slovene: on
- Spanish: él
- Swahili: yeye i both male and female
- Swedish: han
- Tagalog: niya i ng form, kaniya i sa form, siya i unmarked form i all both male and female
- Telugu: అతడు (ataDu), అతను (atanu)
- Thai: (kăo, both male and female)
- Tok Pisin: em
- Tupinambá: a'e i both male and female
- Turkish: o i both male and female
- Ukrainian: він (vin)
- Vietnamese: ông ấy, nó, anh, anh ấy
- West Frisian: hy
- !Xũ: ha i both male and female
- Yorùbá: ó, á i both male and female
- Said when surprised or when objecting to something.
- Hyphenation: he
- Rhymes: -e
- In standard Finnish, he can practically never be omitted, despite the verb showing both the person and the number. (compare the usage of hän, "she" / "he")
Usage notesEnglish transcriptions of Chinese speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Chinese language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.
EtymologyCognate with Old Frisian hi, he, Old Saxon hi, he.
- English: he
He () is a third-person, singular personal pronoun (subject case) in Modern English.
PeopleHe can be used as a substitution of a male's name.
AnimalsGrammatically, it is most often incorrect to use the pronouns "he" or "she" when referring to animals, with the neuter "it" being more correct. However, they are both often used colloquially to refer to animals of the appropriate gender.
OtherThe pronoun He, with a universally capitalized H is often used to refer to God.
GenderThe gender system in Modern English is generally natural, semantic and logical, however it is most similar to languages whose gender systems primarily distinguish between the animate and inanimate, and between the personal and impersonal. In the table RP stands for relative pronoun and PP for personal pronoun.
Indo-EuropeanThe reconstructed Indo-European language provides a demonstrative pronoun ko.
GermanicEnglish is a development of the West Germanic language family.
Old EnglishSpeakers of Old English (OE) considered each noun to have a grammatical gender — masculine, feminine or neuter. Pronouns were generally (but not always) selected to have the same grammatical gender as the noun they referred to. For example, dæg (, day) was masculine, so a masculine pronoun was used when referring to a day or days. The personal pronoun for a singular masculine subject was written he, just like Present-Day English (PrDE). However, OE he was probably pronounced like PrDE hay (). The vowel in hay is normally longer in duration than in the exlamation Hey! (). Because the vowel sound of OE he was long in duration, scholars (and OE dictionaries) now write it as hē.
Middle EnglishThere was one change to the inflection of the masculine pronoun in Middle English. The OE dative form him replaced the OE accusative hine (). This meant that, in Middle English, there was no distinction between masculine and impersonal, except in the subject case of the third-person singular, until it from hit replaced him in the object case of the impersonal. So, "there was rather an extended period of time in the history of the English language when the choice of a supposedly masculine personal pronoun (him) said nothing about the gender or sex of the referent."
- William Malone Baskervill and James Witt Sewel, An English Grammar, 1896.
- 'He', The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language'', Fourth edition, (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000).
he in Chechen: Иза
he in German: HE
he in Modern Greek (1453-): HE
he in Spanish: HE
he in Esperanto: He
he in French: HE
he in Korean: HE
he in Italian: HE
he in Japanese: HE
he in Norwegian: HE
he in Low German: He
he in Portuguese: HE
he in Serbian: He
he in Finnish: He
he in Vietnamese: He
he in Turkish: He
I, I myself, alter, alter ego, alterum, better self, bloke, boy, buck, chap, ego, ethical self, fellow, gee, gent, gentleman, guy, her, herself, him, himself, his, hombre, homme, inner man, inner self, it, male, male being, male person, man, masculine, me, my humble self, myself, number one, oneself, other self, ourselves, self, she, subconscious self, subliminal self, superego, them, themselves, they, you, yours truly, yourself, yourselves